Shenzhen small boss years ago busy debt, hope monkey year budget keep going – Sohu finance and Econo-caxa实体设计

Shenzhen small boss years ago busy debt, hope monkey year budget keep going – Sohu finance     "this year is the most difficult year since I started my business."." The phone Zhang Xuanye (a pseudonym) in the voice of tired, he told the "daily economic news" reporter, just from a debt owed to his suppliers out of debt, he blocked three days to be a part of the arrears door finally. The year of the monkey year for Zhang Xuanye is not too much, because he started to drive around again from the beginning of January, the new year soon still get 40 workers wages, once the year-end bonus they promised more is gone. 2015: the most bitter is the boss when talking with the "daily economic news" reporter, Zhang Xuanye has just come out from a owe boss, carrying a bag of cash, and all are Hong Kong dollars. The boss was Zhang Xuanye and several other partners and factory workers forced no way, was missing for three days, and then notify you to get the money, the boss went to Macao for three days, even a bet won the table to win the $full back wages, also Zhang Xuanye the arrears et al. "The hardest job in 2015 is the boss, and that’s all right." Zhang Xuanye said, from the boss hand carried the bag of Hong Kong dollars, looking at the eyes have been angry because of the peer, almost cried himself, when walking out of the bag took ten thousand Yuan Hong Kong dollars to him, let him spend the spring festival. Zhang Xuanye is not only difficult to account, according to him, the plastic coating industry of her own, only Shenzhen years ago the collapse of the 2/3 enterprises, because of funding strand breaks. Last year, there were several caused widespread concern in the collapse of Shenzhen, which is the most famous of the October 2015 Fuchang electronics factory closures, hundreds of small and medium sized suppliers suffered heavy losses in the collapse, Zhang Xuanye’s mobile phone shell plastic paint factory is one of them, his factory was fosunny electronic arrears about 500000 yuan, has no recovery look. Originally Zhang Xuanye once and other suppliers to claim, and try to give the containment electronic boss, but he eventually chose to face the reality, will focus on how to proceed in their own factories. "Fortune electronic collapse is a signal that the trend has changed." Zhang Xuanye is a 2000 graduate of college students, he repeatedly referred to the trend in the process of chat with reporters, he believes that compared to other small factory boss, as highly educated entrepreneurs, the advantage lies in the understanding of the industry and economy, grasp the trend, the trend of the environment. In 2007, Zhang Xuanye, the couple took 20 thousand yuan to Shenzhen Chuangdang, beginning to follow others together to do the plastic mobile phone shell coating, because of the recent years Shenzhen copycat business is hot, so hard to earn a sum of money. In 2010 Zhang Xuanye began to open their own factory. "After the discovery of their own business is not so easy, it is domestic trouble and foreign invasion." Zhang Xuanye talked about getting the experience again and again. The first problem he encountered was that labor costs began to climb, especially in the chemical paint industry, because it was not easy to deal with chemicals. The second problem is not. 深圳小老板年前忙催债 寄望猴年精打细算撑下去-搜狐财经     “今年是我创业以来最困难的一年。”电话那头的张宣烨(化名)声音中透着疲惫,他对《每日经济新闻》记者透露,自己刚刚从一家欠他债的供应商那里要债出来,他堵了三天大门终于要到一部分欠款。   猴年的年关对于张宣烨来说不太好过,因为他从1月初开始就开车到处讨债,眼看就要过年了还在凑40名工人的工资,曾经对他们允诺的年终奖更是没戏了。  2015年:最苦逼的是老板  就在与《每日经济新闻》记者通话的时候,张宣烨刚刚从一个欠钱的老板家出来,手里拎着一袋子现金,而且全部是港币。这位老板被张宣烨等几位合作伙伴以及工厂工人逼得没办法,就失踪了三天,然后通知各位去领钱,原来这位老板去了澳门,连着赌了三天终于赢了,把赌桌上赢的港币全带回来发工资,也还了张宣烨等人的欠款。  “2015年最苦逼的职业是老板,一点儿没错。”张宣烨说从那位老板手里拎过那袋子港币的时候,看着眼前已经因上火失声的同行,自己差点哭出来,临出门时从袋子里拿了一万元港币给他,让他过年用。  要账难的不仅仅是张宣烨,据他介绍,自己所在的塑胶涂料行业,仅深圳年前就倒闭了三分之二的企业,都是因为资金链断裂。  去年,深圳发生了几起引起广泛关注的倒闭事件,其中最著名的便是2015年10月福昌电子厂倒闭,上百家中小供应商在那次倒闭事件中损失惨重,张宣烨的塑胶手机壳涂料厂便是其中之一,他的工厂被福昌电子欠款50多万元,至今追讨无望。  最初张宣烨也曾经和其他供应商一起要说法,并想法设法围堵福昌电子老板,但是最终他选择了面对现实,将精力放在了自己工厂如何继续开下去。  “福昌电子倒闭是一个信号,说明趋势变了。”张宣烨是2000年本科毕业的大学生,他在与记者聊天的过程中多次提到了趋势,他认为相较于其他小工厂老板,自己作为受过高等教育的创业者,优势就在于把握趋势,了解行业乃至经济大环境的趋势。  2007年,张宣烨夫妻俩带着2万元来深圳闯荡,刚开始跟着别人一起做塑胶手机壳涂料,因为那几年深圳的山寨机生意火爆,因此狠狠挣了一笔钱。2010年张宣烨就开始自己开厂子。  “自己创业之后才发现没那么容易,简直就是内忧外患。”张宣烨谈起开厂的经历连连叹气。他遇到的第一个问题就是人工成本开始攀升,尤其是化工涂料行业,因为要与化学品打交道,招工也不易。第二个问题就是没有正式的从业执照,因此常常遭遇有关部门的检查和整改。2014年张宣烨租用了一家大型涂料厂的办公区,省去了很多麻烦,但是租金非常贵,每平方米每月70元。  在福昌电子之前,张宣烨就曾摔过大跟头,2014年工厂的供应商有4个老板跑路,留下200多万的欠债没着落,张宣烨咬着牙坚持。当时张宣烨去银行贷款,银行工作人员对他说:“你是上班族我们就批贷,但是你是创业的,贷款不好批。”  2016年:精打细算撑下去“我的厂子起码没倒闭,想要继续活下去必须要精打细算了。”张宣烨对《每日经济新闻》记者表示,已经找到了给工厂“续命”的良方。  福昌电子倒闭的原因之一是产品主要是塑胶手机外观件,而苹果、三星、华为等手机已经逐渐以全金属手机壳为标配。作为福昌电子的供应商之一,张宣烨快速调整了产品,抓住了五金化学辅料的机会。2016年1月,张宣烨的工厂与华南某上市公司签订了合作协议,为其金属手机外壳生产线提供化学辅料,这一笔大单被张宣烨视作雪中送炭的救命单子。  “我只做五金的化学辅料,专注于这个细分行业。”张宣烨在员工规模上也进行了调整,之前工人有40多个,去年底就压缩到了10人左右,并且年后不再招人。“年后招工一点不难,因为待业的人太多了。”当被问及年后手机供应链行业招工是否有难度时,张宣烨回答得直截了当。  对于工厂的管理,张宣烨的想法也变了,不再以老板的心态去管理,而是以合伙人的方式与员工分享,他想让员工明白在行业环境乃至经济大环境都不乐观的情况下,抱团取暖才是过冬的关键。  张宣烨另外一个新年计划是精打细算把控现金流。他说,之前一直存在一个现象,就是供应商要自己垫资供货,把货押给福昌电子这样的大户来获得订单,这也直接导致后来许多中小供应商死于资金链断裂。“我宁愿少赚钱,但是一定要现金,这样我才能不亏。”张宣烨谈到现金流的问题格外激动,再三强调不能再重复之前的悲剧。他还提到了对于五金辅料行业成本的担心,因为产品不良率达到50%,对于成本的把控还需要提升。  “我还是踏踏实实做点实业,炒股这事我不在行。”张宣烨在被记者问及是否炒股时如此回答,他坦言自己身边有不少老板,把钱都投到股市里了,结果2015年很惨。他的合伙人就把一辆宝马赔了进去,张宣烨打算还是老老实实经营自己的小厂,精打细算撑下去。相关的主题文章: